Traces of COVID-19 were unexpectedly found in the sewage system in Massachusetts during a research screening carried out due to an increased cases.
Basically, researchers use wastewater in order to track down diseases as well as substance usage within a particular population in order to study and take action towards it. Since the recent outbreak, this experiment method has been used by scientists to analyse the number affected in selected locations.
“ Investigating wastewater may depict a supportive approach to measure the existence and the spread of deadly viruses when the capacity for clinical trails is confined,” claimed the researchers. “Moreover, accumulated, population-wide information can assist to notify modelling efforts.”
“While it is impossible to examine every US resident for COVID-19, the microbe has been discovered in the stool of COVID-19 positive patients, allowing it to be a probable candidate for wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE).”
Wastewater-Based Epidemiology is a method to detect pathogenic organisms in a specific location and evaluate the virus without compelling the individuals to test. During China’s 2003 SARS-Cov outbreak, similar methods were approved by the government to be carried out. According to the records, it has been said that the WBE methodology has been successful. Therefore, the same approach has been done to tackle the current epidemic that the entire world is facing.
From the research in Massachusetts, it has been identified that 5% of the faecal sample came out positive, while the 0.026% of the population sample were verified with the disease. Scientists claimed that the difference between the conflicting facts could be because either the virus can shed or the infected isn’t diagnosed yet due to absence of signs or symptoms of the contaminated virus.
The researchers are still getting weekly samples from more than 100 medication plants around the US, as specified by Mariana Matus, Biobot’s CEO.